The average English-speaking adult has a vocabulary ranging from 20,000-35,000 words. Here are 11 ways to make sure yours stacks up.

1. Read to your children

Read to your children

Parents and children can both benefit and improve vocabulary from reading bedtime stories snuggled under the covers. “The words in many children’s books are often outside the realm of adults’ day-to-day discourse, so parents can learn more words just by reading to their children,” says Susan B. Neuman, professor of Childhood and Literacy Education at Steinhardt School of Culture, Education and Human Development at New York University in New York City.

2. Watch movies

Watch movies

Watching the movie version of your favourite book isn’t just a guilty pleasure, it’s also a vocabulary booster. “If you see the movie version of your favourite book you’re likely to have a deeper understanding and knowledge of the words in it,” says Neuman. “Seeing and reading something on the same topic is really important.” The phenomenon is called dual coding; you read something, then see it on the screen and end up remembering better because you have a visual representation, she says.

3. Make good use of your tablet

Make good use of your tablet

Next time you’re reading an e-book and come across a word you don’t know, try highlighting it with your finger and looking for the option to look it up. Many tablets provide a dictionary definition in a little bubble, so you won’t lose your place or have to switch between Google and your novel.

4. Read magazines

Read magazines

If you want to improve vocabulary, don’t just flip through your favourite magazine, really read it. That means don’t just look at the pictures or skim product roundups; pay attention to the articles and photo captions. According to the Johnson O’Connor Research Foundation, magazines on topics you’re interested in like sports, interior decorating or health are filled with words you probably don’t think to use in your daily conversations. When you read the next issue, keep an eye out for the words you learned the month before; chances are, you’ll remember what they mean this time.

5. Listen to how words sound

Listen to how words sound

Many people won’t remember tricky words unless they come across them frequently. But if you hear a word that you think sounds interesting, you become word conscious and start using it yourself, says Neuman.

6. Get out of the house

Get out of the house

“Going places and having new experiences are great ways to build new knowledge,” says Neuman. “Go to a museum or take advantage of other opportunities where you live. When you open your eyes to new experiences and people, you also get new words.”

7. Join a book club

Join a book club

“Book clubs are a wonderful strategy to learn new words,” says Neuman. Not only will it force you to set aside time in your day to read, it’s also a good way to discover books you might not normally be drawn to, which in turn exposes you to new words and helps you improve vocabulary.

8. Listen to the radio

Listen to the radio

Spend your commute listening to talk radio or podcasts instead of zoning out. Those types of programs can expose you to topics (and subsequently words) you may not be familiar with.

9. Pay attention to your surroundings

Pay attention to your surroundings

Next time you walk down a busy street or take a walk in the park, try to describe what you’re seeing as descriptively as possible inside your head. This tactic can expose gaps in your vocabulary and provide an opportunity to fill them.

 10. Read, read, read
Read, read, read

Try to make a little time each day to read. “Reading on a regular basis is tied to improved cognitive functioning throughout life because you’re always learning,” says Neuman. Even if you don’t stop to look up every single foreign word, chances are you can improve vocabulary simply by figuring out their meaning based on the context they’re used in or by coming across them again down the line.

11. Become an expert

Become an expert

Challenge yourself to become an expert on a topic you enjoy. If you’re a history fan, build an arsenal of historical fiction books. If you like health, read non-fiction memoirs with a medical focus. And if adventure is your thing, there are plenty of fiction and non-fiction survival stories to choose from. “Reading a lot on a topic you enjoy means you’ll deepen both your knowledge and vocabulary. Then you feel good because you’re an expert on a topic and can talk to people about it and employ those words you didn’t know before,” says Neuman.